Jul 18, 2022
In Questions & Answers
European revolutions in 1989 has come to an end. Many participating observers of those revolutions have wondered why a liberal millennium that was supposed to last forever came to an end after 25 years, to make way for neo-nationalist and authoritarian leaders around the world. Three recent books represent the first round of debate on the topic: The Road to Unfreedom , by Timothy Snyder (2018)1, The Light That Goes Out, by Ivan Krastev and Stephen Holmes (2019)two, and The Twilight of Democracy , by Anne Applebaum (2020)3. All of these authors place Central and Eastern Europe at the center of their analysis, looking at the rise and shift to the right of Viktor Orbán and Fidesz in. Hungary and the Law and Justice (pis) party in C Level Contact List Poland, and wonder why Values that seemed ascendant in the liberal democratic West were so quickly displaced by national-conservatism, anti-Semitism, xenophobia and C Level Contact List authoritarianism. What was it that took Central and Eastern Europe and then the rest of the West off course? I. Applebaum and Snyder respectively represent the center-right and center-left wings of a C Level Contact List post-1989 anti-totalitarian consensus in which the greatest threat to democracy is not a particular ideology but totalitarianism itself. Applebaum is an observer and participant C Level Contact List of the transition from Central and Eastern Europe who married the right-wing anti-communist Polish journalist and politician Radosław Sikorski and moved to C Level Contact List Poland. Snyder, a historian and analyst highly involved in the political life of the region, has updated for the Post-Cold War the C Level Contact List perspective of the great liberal thinkers of the Cold War, figures such as Tony Judt and Timothy Garton Ash. Snyder hails from the American left and has generally C Level Contact List opposed neoconservatives like Applebaum on issues like the 2003 invasion of Iraq. But when it comes to the C Level Contact List West's relationship with Central and Eastern Europe, there has been no significant disagreement between the two.